Exploring the characteristics of the various drugs during the pandemic, the scientists payed attention to the steroid dexamethasone. It turned out to be a drug that can reduce a mortality from the coronavirus. The steroid can save life of one of the eight patients on a ventilator. A large clinical study has been conducted, and its preliminary results have shown that an inexpensive steroid can save people infected with the COVID-19.
Over the years, it has been used in medicine. The statistics say that the death rate of patients with coronary heart disease-19 on supplemental oxygen was reduced by about 20%. Now the scientists want to double-check the results and effectiveness of the steroid in order to learn the possibility of using it as the treatment from the Chinese virus.
Martin Landray, a cardiologist at the University of Oxford, believes that the results of the steroid study suggest that patients who are infected with the virus will survive. The evidence that the steroid is coping with COVID-19 was obtained based on the observation of more than two thousand patients who took 6 mg of dexamethasone once a day for 10 days in the form of tablets or intravenous injections.
That helped to prove that taking dexamethasone can prevent one death for every eight patients who are on ventilation, and one death for every 25 patients who need extra oxygen.
Nevertheless, that is not a medicine that can cure the COVID-19, but the steroid really helps and doctors around the world can use it in complex therapeutic therapy. Rajesh Gandhi, an infectious disease specialist at the Massachusetts hospital, believes that using a steroid justifies the expected results in the treatment of seriously ill patients.
When using a steroid in mild cases of the disease, the steroid is not effective and can even harm, it can weaken the immune system. But for the most severe cases of the coronavirus, the steroid does provide an effective help.