The COVID-19 pandemic continues to spread across the planet. The scientists conducted studies related to potential risk factors for death from the virus. In their opinion, among those who are threatened with the most sad consequences by the coronavirus are people with concomitant diseases. The study was carried out by the specialists from the Association for Cardiovascular Diseases.
Currently, some experts are confident that certain chronic diseases increase the severity of the coronavirus, but other experts disagree. Differences arise due to different methods of studying the spread of infection and its effect on the body.
But there is no doubt that the regions with the highest mortality rates are the regions where the prevalence of various chronic diseases is high. The coronavirus enters human cells and infects them using the angiotensin-converting enzyme ACE2 and a receptor found in many tissues. They are in the heart, kidneys and lungs. It is believed that the use of angiotensin II type 1 receptor blockers can enhance the expression of ACE2 on cell membranes.
It makes the human body more susceptible to infection and increases the risk of developing progressive and severe illness, among them are patients with heart failure and hypertension. Almost all studies were carried out only in some countries, and therefore the general results obtained cannot be applied to the entire population of the planet.
But in general, people suffering from hypertension, cardiovascular, and kidney diseases are at risk of infection and severe course of coronavirus. The same group included patients with oncology, asthma, chronic lung diseases, and those diagnosed with HIV and AIDS.
The highest dependence on the virus was found in the bodies of people with heart problems. The mortality risk was 9% higher than in any other case. The risk of death is about 8% higher in patients with hypertension. One and a half times in people with diabetes and cancer patients.
However, it is noted that neither age nor gender is in any way associated with the risk of developing the disease.