New organ in human head: mysterious set of salivary glands discovered

New organ discovered in the human body

The scientists discovered a new mysterious organ in the human body. It locates almost in the center of the head and, according to the preliminary data, it is a set of salivary glands. This amazing anatomical discovery was made entirely by an accident. For centuries, this organ remained unnoticed for some reason, and its presence became known only a few days ago. The doctors from the Netherlands identified a unique organ.

They examined prostate cancer patients using the PSMA PET / CT wide scan technique. When combined with injections of radioactive glucose, that diagnostic tool detects tumors in the body. However, instead of a tumor, they discovered something different, namely, a mysterious organ hidden in the back of the nasopharynx.

A radiation oncologist Wouter Vogel from the Netherlands Cancer Institute noted that the medicine knows the presence of mucous glands in the nasopharynx, they are extremely small and evenly distributed throughout the nasopharynx.

The new organ surprised the scientists beyond measure. The salivary glands produce saliva that is needed for the digestive system to function properly. But at the same time, the bulk of salivary fluid is carried out by three main glands. They are known as the parotid, submandibular, and sublingual.

There are also about a thousand small salivary glands, all of them are located in the mouth and in the digestive tract. But they are too small to be observed without a microscope. The new discovery is much larger and it represents the fourth set of complex salivary glands that was previously overlooked by doctors.

Conventionally, they have been called tubular glands, since they have a tubular structure. Pathological examination of two more bodies showed the presence of glands, that is, in the case of a scan of a patient with prostate cancer, such glands did not become an anomaly.

The scientists suggested that it may contain a large number of seromucous acini that plays a physiological role in the lubrication of the nasopharynx and oral cavity when swallowing.