Chips and soda increase risk of death: ultra-processed foods cause heart disease

Ultra-processed foods cause heart disease

The scientists decided to find out what the risk to human health are ultra-processed foods. Among them are chips, carbonated drinks, semi-finished products, which are so popular today and are consumed by people literally every day. It turns out that such manufactured products increase the risk of death, especially from cardiovascular causes. Today, shop windows are increasingly filled with food products that are produced as a result of intensive industrial processing.

As a result, they are food low in nutrients but high in sugar, salt, high-calorie oil. They are very attractive in every way, because they don't need to be cooked, can be quickly reheated in the microwave, taste good, give a feeling of satiety and are relatively inexpensive.

But a study carried out by the specialists from the Neuromed company from Italy showed that all similar foods are very dangerous to health. In this study took part about two thousand people. The experts have been analysing their eating habits and monitoring their health for almost 8 years. As a result, it turned out that people who ate large amounts of UHT foods had a very high mortality rate from any cause by 28%, and from cardiovascular diseases by 58%.

A researcher Marialaura Bonaccio noted that for such an assessment, the scientists used the international classification NOVA that provides characteristics based on industrial processing, which determines the level of the category of ultra-processed food.

It turned out that people who constantly consume such food have a very high risk of death from cardiovascular disease. The scientists named sugar as the main culprit. It is added to processed foods in very large quantities. The excess of sugar does play a negative role, but it accounts for only 40% of the increased mortality risk.

According to the scientists, fresh natural products - such as vegetables, fruits, eggs, natural meat, cereals - should dominate in the nutritional ratio. But the food that doesn't need to be cooked, young people most at risk of becoming addicted to ultra-processed foods, are attracted much more.

Reference: 17 December 2020, American Journal of Clinical Nutrition. DOI: 10.1093/ajcn/nqaa299