A serious study was carried out by scientists, devoting it to the theme of running. Should a person run barefoot or in special sport's shoes? An ancient person who went through the evolutionary process, when he began to walk straight, continued to develop and became a good runner. He could cover long distances both on foot and on the run. Due to this feature, the person’s legs were transformed, the Achilles tendon lengthened, the person acquired the ability to sweat.
And what is surprising - he could cover huge distances barefoot. The first shoes appeared about 30 thousand years ago. And a hundred years ago, model shoes appeared that changed the shape of the foot. Since the 70s of the last century, sports shoes have become popular. Soft sneakers have been synonymous with exercise, especially running.
But new studies have shown that sports shoes are not only not useful, although many were confident that they support the body, they also cause great harm to health. The use of such shoes changes the way you run, weakens your leg, and leads to common sports injuries. Scientists, analyzing these features, came to the conclusion that a person should run only barefoot, and since childhood.
In many countries of the world, this feature is widespread, athletes aged 12-19 years barefoot overcome long distances. Scientists have found that their peers, who are engaged in running exercises in shoes, often suffer from pain in the limbs. Other studies have also shown differences in the structure and function of the feet in barefoot and athletes using shoes.
It turned out that runners have serious foot injuries, their percentage with runners who do not use sneakers is from 35 to 50 per cent. In 1980, the first sneakers appeared in the world, which reduced the load on the tendons. At that time it was a breakthrough in technology, but scientific studies have shown that such shoes have become a major risk factor for fractures in athletes.
Any shoe reduces the quality of information transmitted to the brain and spinal cord, which leads to simplified running mechanics. Shoes allow runners to land with a more upright body position and an extended leg, which leads to excessive braking forces. This running mechanics plays a role in the most common injuries to runners.
Long-term daily use of shoes also leads to weakening of the foot. Running in shoes deforms the foot, it changes. But this damage can be reversible. Another study showed that the size and strength of the muscles of the foot increase after eight weeks of walking in barefoot or in the simplest shoes, in non-specialized sports or jogging shoes.