Researches carried out by a group of scientists have shown that due to a particular pulmonary enzyme, men are more susceptible to coronavirus than women. The high level of this enzyme allows COVID-19 to penetrate into the lungs. To determine this feature, the studies were conducted and more than three and a half thousand people took part in them. All of these people were elderly and had heart failure.
Compared to women, men showed higher concentrations of the ACE2 angiotensin-converting enzyme. None of the participants was infected with the coronavirus. The enzyme is present not only in the lungs, but also in other organs. Adrian Wurs, Professor of cardiology at the
University Medical Center Groningen in the Netherlands, concluded that the enzyme plays a crucial role in the COVID-19 disease, because its presence in the lungs is extremely high. This is one of the most powerful biomarkers, in men it is significantly higher than in women, and this explains why men are more likely than women to get coronavirus.
The same researches were carried out in six different countries, and their results were identical: men are twice as likely to suffer from a dangerous disease than women. But the gender gap in different countries of the world fluctuated in its indicators.
For example, in South Korea, the number of sick men was only 18 percent higher than the number of sick women. And in New York there were a small majority at all. Scientists believe that men are more prone to conditions that exacerbate the course of the virus. Bad habits, low physical activity, high blood pressure, and diabetes contribute to this.
Men smoke a lot and rarely wash their hands, and these facts also affect the spread of coronavirus. Compared with them, women are more serious about social requirements to be more attentive to their health, consider all quarantine measures, take vitamins, and take care of their body hygiene.