The deep waters of our planet can cause tsunamis and earthquakes. That relationship was discovered by the specialists from the University of Bristol. They were able to provide evidence linking the deep cycle of water and its manifestations for the first time. Water and some volatile substances, such as carbon dioxide and sulfur, circulating in the depths of our planet, played a key role in the evolution of the Earth.
They influenced the formation of continents, the emergence of life, the concentration of mineral resources, and the distribution of volcanoes and earthquakes. In this cycle, subduction zones played an important role.
In them, tectonic plates converge, and one is loaded under the other, thereby renewing important parts of the exchange cycle of large volumes of water, involved mainly as a result of volcanic eruptions.
But exactly how much water is transported through subduction during such periods, and what is its effect on natural territories, has not been studied well by the science. A researcher George Cooper believes that as tectonic plates move, sea water penetrates rocks through cracks and faults.
Upon reaching the subduction zone, the tectonic layer is heated and compressed, and that leads to the gradual release of a huge amount of water. After that, the temperature drops and the production of magma begins. It has buoyancy, and therefore rises up.
Ultimately, it leads to the volcanic eruptions. A similar process forms tsunamis and earthquakes. The scientists are focused on their research on subduction along the Pacific Ring of Fire.
They are focused on the volcanic arc of the Lesser Antilles, located on the eastern edge of the Caribbean. The researchers are waiting for the next movement of tectonic beds to get new evidence for their theory.