During the pandemic, many countries around the world experienced a reduction in CO2 emissions. However, today the situation has worsened. A summer heat formed a warm wave that affects the formation of the methane's volumes. The situation is the worst. Global carbon emissions have reached the highest levels ever recorded. The experts say that this leap is due mainly to increased emissions from coal mining, oil and natural gas production, cattle and sheep breeding, and waste disposal.
Over the past 17 years, the climate model of the planet has changed dramatically. Warming provokes an increase in emissions. A carbon dioxide forms methane emissions. The vicious circle is almost impossible to break. The scientists believe that the situation is not able to change for the better yet.
All data indicate that by the end of the century the temperature background of the Earth will become 4 degrees Celsius higher. That is a dangerous temperature threshold during which natural disasters, including forest fires, droughts and floods, will become commonplace. They will be accompanied with the social difficulties such as hunger and mass migration. Last year, the scientists received complete data on carbon emissions.
The Earth’s atmosphere has absorbed nearly 600 million tons of odorless colorless gas that is 28 times more powerful than carbon dioxide. Its peculiarity lies in the fact that it has a more destructive effect than methane. Annual methane emissions have increased by 9%, or 50 million tons per year. A warming will cause CO2 levels to rise.
The specialists at the Stanford School of Earth, Energy, and Environmental Sciences believe that fossil fuel and livestock are a double blow to a system that allows methane to rise into the atmosphere. The scientists equate cattle emissions with methane emissions from fossil fuels. The researchers have proved that agriculture accounts for about two-thirds of all methane emissions on the planet. The rest is represented by human activities. Agricultural methane emissions amount to more than 200 million tons of methane per year.
Compared with a decade ago, emissions increased by 10%. During the coronavirus pandemic, the emissions fell sharply. But the scientists say that there is no chance to contain that positive trend. Many countries that are experiencing the epidemic are still paying attention to previously created restrictions, returning to their usual rhythm of work, and thereby returning CO2 emissions to their usual levels before the pandemic.