Breeding in a new way: new technologies define the taste of grown products

New technologies define the taste of grown products

Recently, the breeders from Ithaca presented their new products. "Apple A" is a unique product with a characteristic pink skin and excellent apple flavor. However, it has a complex nutty sweetness that is unlike any apple. That is an artificially bred variety. And its unremarkable name proves that the variety is not yet ready to be sold on a large scale.

Breeding and licensing newly acquired products is a complex process. However, it allows you to expand the food market as well. The innovative breeders at the Cornell College of Agriculture and Life Sciences have created more than 290 varieties of fruits and 165 varieties of vegetables.

The features of the selection are striking in the result. The resulting products have improved taste, have a longer growing season and are more resistant to various threats, be it dangerous pests or a climate change.

A Breeding Program Manager Susan Brown noted that she and her colleagues are focusing on plant breeding to increase their susceptibility to disease and yield higher yields. Recently, there has been an increased interest in the development of consumer-oriented products.

This factor opened up the opportunity for breeders to demonstrate their creativity. The nutrition system is now open to change, and scientists can use it to improve quality and volume. In 2004, the breeders decided to create a new tomato variety.

It was given the shape of a finger, and according to its taste characteristics, it was able to replace carrots. But the experiment failed, the scientists were able to find out that crossing plants should have the most advantageous combination of genetic characteristics.

A plant with one desired quality, such as taste, when crossed with a plant that has another ideal trait, such as texture, can produce offspring with one, both, or none of these qualities. By combining different formulas, the scientists create new product samples that can meet growing consumer demand in the future.