The researchers predicted a critical situation in the Arctic. By 2035, the Arctic can almost completely lose all of its ice. Previously, similar assumptions were made, but today the scientists are more confident about the timing and processes. Over the past decades, high temperatures were consistently observed in the Arctic, and it puzzles the scientists.
A similar period was recorded about 127 thousand years ago. It was the last interglacial warm period on the planet. Small bodies of water were discovered on the surface of the Arctic ice this spring.
These melted ponds demonstrate how ice absorbs sunlight and reflects back. The new Hadley Center model is the most advanced physical representation of the Earth's climate. In fact the most important tool for climate research, including sea ice and thawed ponds.
Studying the processes of ice melting in the Arctic, the scientists came to the conclusion that the spring sunlight was very intense. Under its influence, ponds were formed and they, in turn, played a key role in the further melting of the sea ice.
By 2035, the ice may completely disappear from the Arctic. The Earth systems simulator Maria Vittoria Guarino believes that the current generation faced a critical event when the Arctic became free of the sea ice during the last interglacial period.
The advances in climate modeling today predict the exact events to be prepared for. As the climate changes, as the Arctic warms up more and more, the scientists have the opportunity to predict the time periods of critical situations in order to understand what the future holds.
Until 2035, humanity has the opportunity to suspend the ongoing processes, at least by switching to low-carbon activities.