There are many theories that some shark species prefer to live in extreme conditions. And the scientists found a proof. For the example, sharks can inhabit the underwater craters of active volcanoes. It is explained by the fact that such territories are perceived by them as safe. Active volcanoes are a very dangerous environment. The ability of sharks to be in their craters is a mystery to science.
A Florida International University marine ecologist Michael Heithhouse believes that he solved the mystery. The unique shark habitat was first discovered in 2015. It happened during the filming of the National Geographic film about the underwater world.
Sharks and rays have been found in the Kawachi submarine volcano in the Solomon Islands. The find was called stunning and impossible. At the same time, another feature of sharks was discovered to adapt to extreme places. One of the assumptions that could be somehow related to the reproductive characteristics of sharks.
And another assumption is that with the search for food. Kawachi is considered to be one of the most active sea volcanoes on the planet, and this fact makes the behavior of sharks difficult. They are known to inhabit an active crater that is 18 meters deep from the ocean surface. The temperature in this place can reach boiling point.
But in order not to end up in that dangerous place and die, it is likely that they use some kind of sixth sense that allows them to detect changes in the Earth's magnetic field and find safe zones for themselves during the eruption of the volcano. The scientists believe that this is not the only feature of sharks.
They can sense and avoid hurricanes and cyclones. But what attracts sharks to volcanoes? Another similar example of extreme shark habitat is in the active volcano Piton de la Fournaise. It is located on the Reunion Island in the Indian Ocean and is also recognized as extremely active.
And although it is located on the land, this fact does not interfere with sharks, part of its crater goes under water and sharks live in it. The scientists believe that their organisms, most likely, mutated, adapting to a complex habitat, and now they feel comfortable in it.