The scholars concluded that the processes that change the climate have a detrimental effect on the state of the Caspian Sea, which is gradually shrinking. According to the researchers, by 2100, the area of this unique reservoir will be reduced by 34%. The constant increase in the temperature background, which is observed on our planet, gradually leads to a reduction in the Caspian Sea.
In the next ten years, according to the worst forecasts, it may turn into a small pond. The devastating consequences of climate change will affect not only the reservoir, but also the biodiversity system that surrounds it.
Wildlife will change, various populations of animals and plants will decrease, and accordingly, there will be certain consequences for the local population. The Caspian Sea is recognized as the largest inland water body in the world.
It is located between Europe and Asia, bordered by Azerbaijan, Iran, Kazakhstan, Russia and Turkmenistan. Over the past hundred years, the water level in the Caspian Sea has been constantly changing. It happened as a result of anthropogenic processes, which included irrigation.
The sea has been significantly affected by the climatic conditions that regularly affect the amount of precipitation in this area. The scholars believe, that the continuing rise in temperatures will inevitably cause a decrease in the water level in the Caspian Sea in the long term.
In 2019, a study was carried out and it showed that from 2020 until the end of this century, the water level will gradually decrease and the final result will be at least 18 meters. Depending on the rate of future greenhouse emissions, the water level could drop by 9 meters in total if the emissions are low.
Otherwise, it will drop 18 meters. With a drop in sea level by 9 meters, its area will decrease by 23%. If the drop is 19 meters, then the surface area of the Caspian Sea will be reduced by 34%.