Even in Greek mythology, there was a legend about a tribe of women warriors. They were considered as the Gods' daughters. They were very cruel and to this day they are called the legendary Amazons. But for a long time it was believed that the Amazons were just the product of the ancient chroniclers. However, the data, recently obtained by the archaeologists, dispelled doubts and proved that women warriors really existed.
Last year, the archaeologists made a research by discovering a burial site with the remains of two people who were considered as the Scythian nomads. They lived on the territory of modern Russia in its western part about 2500 years ago.
The burial was made in the village of Devitsa in the 4th century BC. In the mound, along with the remains of bodies, the archaeologists found horse equipment, weapons, iron knives, 30 arrowheads. Valery Gulyaev, a leading specialist at the Institute of Archeology of the Russian Academy of Sciences, noted that the remains of the bodies in the burial place belong to women.
Previously, at the same place, the researchers already found the remains of ancient people. And they also belonged to women. Previous analyzes showed that one was 40-50 years old, on her head was a golden headdress with a decorative floral ornament. The second woman was about 35 years old, with spears and arrows next to her, as if she was riding a horse.
Over the past ten years, 11 graves with young armed women have been discovered in this territory. Some were buried in common barrows, and some in separate graves. The scientists have found that for most of them ritual rituals were performed, as if they were burying a male warrior.
Today, Russian scientists managed to conduct a high-tech study of the genome of the remains found at the burial site. A wooden sarcophagus with the remains of bodies, sent for research, was found in 1988. It was found in Siberia, the burial was made in the mound Saryg-Bulun and it was believed that a male warrior was buried there. However, a new genetic study showed a completely different data.
The remains, next to that were an ax, bow and arrows, belonged to a 13-year-old girl. Varvara Busova, who is an archaeologist of the Academy of Sciences of the Russian Academy of Sciences, noted that Scythian girls also participated in hunting and in military campaigns.