Each sphere, be it politics, culture, religion, has its own legendary names that have gone down in history forever. Science is an exception. Here some legends are called by their first names, but their surnames are also known - Isaac, Albert, Charles. And there is only one exclusive name, that is Galileo. Few people know that he was one of the founders of the modern science. He managed to combine mathematics with natural philosophy and quantitative experimental methodology.
And thus he managed not from the Aristotle's point of view, but from the understanding nature's point of view, to provide an understanding of the processes taking place in it. Galileo's life is documented in the historical archives.
Dozens of biographical stories have been compiled about him, the first was published in 1717. Each subsequent one analyzed his life and scientific achievements. One of the books "Galileo and the Denial of Science" contains assumptions about the relevance of Galileo's thinking for modern scientific discoveries. Its author, an astrophysicist Mario Livio, believes that Galileo's biography serves as a powerful reminder of the importance of freedom of thought.
The author managed to compile an accessible and understandable biography for the general reader, and his comments, which compare the time of Galileo with the present historical period, have an attractive and pleasantly readable form.
He believes that contemporaries who deny scientific facts, for example, about climate change or the validity of the theory of evolution, are in fact comparable to religious opponents of Galileo's scientific views, especially his insistence on the movement of the Earth around the Sun.
For that reason, the book is not only a detailed biography of the scientist, but also a summary of the life and science of Galileo, as well as a detailed account of the events that led to the famous trial. The prosecution argued that the work of the scientist "Dialogue on the two main world systems" that discussed the pros and cons of the Aristotelian cosmos with the Earth at the center and a solar-centered solar system, turned out to be a heresy.
It was recognized that the book contradicted the decree of the Catholic Church in 1616 that prohibited the support of the ideas of Copernicus. Galileo provided arguments for his work, explaining that he was describing opposing views without supporting any sides. But this was not taken into account, and he was subjected to house arrest for the rest of his life.