An unexpected discovery was made by the divers from Finland. They sank to the bottom of the Baltic Sea and found a perfectly preserved sunken ship that is about 400 years old. The divers are often faced with such surprises that the depths of the sea hides. But most often their finds are the sunken ships from the First and the Second World Wars. But the latest find made was an old Dutch merchant ship, presumably dating back to the 17th century, came as an unexpected surprise for both the underwater adventure seekers and the scientists.
The sunken ship is at a depth of 85 meters, it is almost completely intact, but there is little damage on it. The scientists believe that several factors helped to preserve its original appearance, including the level of salinity of the water, temperature, penetration of light.
In warm waters, microorganisms cause irreversible damage to such wood relics. But the chemical composition of the Baltic Sea water seems to work wonders. The divers reported that even the ship's holds were still full.
They have kept stocks of provisions and various equipment since the days when Dutch cargo ships dominated the maritime trade in that part of the globe. The first versions of similar ships appeared in the 16th century.
They were significantly different from other water transport, as they had an economical and roomy design, designed exclusively to maximize the carrying capacity. The ships could carry from two to three times more cargo than their predecessors. And advanced rigging systems helped to provide the sail control for a small crew on board.
Only a small number of such ships have survived to nowadays, and therefore the find is especially interesting for the science. The ship will be studied by the marine archaeologists from Stockholm University in Sweden.