The scientists claim the possibility of the first experimental evidence of a new type of dark bosons. The researchers conducted two important experiments. Their goal was to search for particles that hold entire galaxies. But the results were conflicting. In the first case, no evidence of the existence of these mysterious particles was obtained. And in the second case, the scientists concluded that it was necessary to continue searching.
The point is that bosons are potential candidates for the role of dark matter particles, which in fact do not have much strength. Unlike the photons that bind molecules and gluons to hold atomic nuclei, the exchange of dark bosons cannot affect their immediate environment. If their existence was proven both in theory and practice, then their total energy could be responsible for the formation of dark energy, the very missing mass that provides the necessary gravity to hold the Universe and galaxies in their formations.
The scientists say the presence of bosons is as difficult to detect as it is to hear whispers during a storm. However, new studies by the scientists from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology and Aarhus University in Denmark were able to reveal small discrepancies in the location of the electron in the isotope during the jumps between different energy levels.
If oscillations are recorded, then it may indicate certain signs of shocks of dark bosons. In theory, dark bosons could be formed in the process of interaction of an orbiting electron and quarks, they make up neutrons in the nucleus of an atom. During the experiments, the scientists used the ytterbium isotopes.
The second group of scientists chose to experiment with calcium. The experiments are displayed in the form of graphs with changes in the movement of isotopes. The calcium graph turned out to be predictable, but as for the ytterbium, it surprised the scientists, because there was a significant deviation in linearity.
The researchers say that they do not see a reason for any celebrations yet, since various errors, quadratic field shift and other factors can affect. But they have to find an explanation why no oddities were found in the experiment with calcium, and in the case of another isotope, the scientists were in for a surprise.
The addition of new particles that have power to the standard model of physics does not yet bring anything new, but the fact of their discovery is already of great importance for the science.