A re-study of the idea of the American physicist Anderson, who created his hypothesis about 60 years ago, received a new understanding of the quantum world. The scientists concluded that they are on the cusp of solving quantum physics. And as a basis they take the explanations for the alignment of the building blocks of the world, such as atoms and electrons. Everything that is present around a person consists of electrons and atoms.
They are so small that one billion atoms placed side by side can fit within one centimeter. Atoms and electrons have special behavior, and the scientists describe it as a wave. The waves are capable of passing through terrain areas with obstacles that can be in completely different places.
Anderson originally based his idea of describing the behavior of electrons in semiconductors. And his hypothesis was reflected: for many years, Anderson's principle was used in the development of computer microcircuits and electronics. Maarten Hoogerland of the University of Auckland believes that Anderson's hypothesis describes a common phenomenon that is characteristic of all existing types of waves, be they light, ocean, sound or quantum mechanical.
The waves differ from other physical particles in their motion. If the particles move in a straight line, then the waves are able to overcome obstacles. But if there are a lot of random obstacles, then the waves begin to interfere with each other and ultimately they are neutralized.
Modern scientists were able to take the physicist's hypothesis one step further in an experiment that used an ultracold atom. Using high-tech lasers, they manipulated ultracold atoms, moving them until their wave behavior could be seen not only through optical devices, but also with the naked eye.
The temperature of atoms during this period was in a billionth of a degree above absolute zero, minus 273.15 degrees Celsius. In such an environment, the obstacle patterns were created to stop the waves. In that situation, the scientists intend to take an image to figure out the arrangement of the atoms.
The analysis will tell what exactly is required in order for quantum mechanical waves to be able not only to reflect from obstacles, but also to overcome them.