Previously unknown star constellations were discovered in an ancient Egyptian temple. One is called Apedu n Ra, or Geese Ra. We managed to see them during the restoration of an ancient Egyptian temple. It was completely filled up, but after clearing, experts from Germany and Egypt said that the discovered names of the constellations were previously unknown. During the restoration, amazing original colors were also revealed, with them the ancient Egyptians painted the temple that is almost 2 thousand years old.
The archaeologists removed soot from the structures of the temple using a mixture of alcohol and distilled water. It helped to preserve the carved paintings and hieroglyphs. They look so bright as if they were painted on the walls of the temple only yesterday.
That is the opinion of Christian Leitz, a professor of Egyptology at the University of Tübingen in Germany. During the work, the scholars cleaned out part of the structure and found scenes that depict constellations. Among them, it was possible to distinguish the Big Dipper, which the Egyptians called Mesekhtiu in ancient times, and Orion, known as Sakh. Also, the archaeologists found carved inscriptions of the unknown constellations Apedu n Ra or Geese Ra, which are ancient Egyptian solar deities.
But it has not been possible yet to find out what exactly stars are displayed in them. The first description of the temple, which has the name of the Temple of Esna, was found in the annals of 1589. Then the Venetian merchant visited Egypt and noted that to the south of the ancient capital of Luxor, there is an amazing temple of Esna.
In fact, it was considered as the largest and was located on the territory of the transport route, it was used for transporting and storing cotton until the 19th century. Over time, the temple began to be used as a storage facility due to the convenience of being located near the city. At its walls, residents began to build shacks.
Decades later, the temple fell into disrepair, became dirty, covered with soot and bird droppings. Today the vestibule is well preserved in it. It is a large sandstone structure supported by 24 columns.
Another 18 columns are located separately and are decorated with paintings and carvings. Its height is 37 meters. What happened to the rest of the temple is unknown to science, it is assumed that it was burned.