An ancient ship was discovered in the Nile River. It sank about 2,500 years ago. Scientists believe that this ship reveals secrets that have been discussed for centuries. They are connected with the main work of Herodotus’s life - “History”. In one of the fragments of the records of the ancient Greek historian, made in 450 BC, Herodotus travels to Egypt. There he describes a cargo ship that set sail on the Nile River.
The ship was called baris. The records also contained an image of barium. For several centuries, people have been discussing the structure of this ship and its steering system, considering the impossible. Also, ship models did not have any archaeological evidence - not a single ship on the seabed or in the desert, or its remains were discovered by archaeologists.
Discovered at the bottom of the Nile River, the ship puzzled archaeologists. Examining it, they stated that they had never encountered anything like it before. Also, the ship was at least two thousand years old, but it was perfectly preserved. The hull of the ship turned out to be almost 70 per cent complete.
Archaeologist Damian Robinson of the Oxford Center for Marine Archeology said that when the ship was discovered, scientists realized that Herodotus was right and did not cheat on his notes. The joints in the ship's skin are staggered in such a way that it resembles bricklaying.
The entire lining on the outside is reinforced with spikes, the length of which reaches two meters. Herodotus mentioned these spikes in a story where he described the keel of baris. There are discrepancies in the records. In the description of Herodotus, the ship could be no more than 17 meters long.
The one at the bottom of the Nile is about 27 meters long. But the description of the steering system is completely the same as that on the sunken ship. These detailed descriptions helped scientists assume that the found ship matches the description of Herodotus so much that it could be built in the same shipyard.