The outgoing year was filled with scientific discoveries. Some of them were timed to events and phenomena that have been studied and observed over the years. For example, stardust, which is about 7 billion years old. It is recognized as the oldest material on our planet. Or the burial of ancient remains, it turned out that they are 31 thousand years old and these are the remains of identical twins.
Other discoveries received the status of longest, such as a bird that can fly from Alaska to New Zealand without stopping, or lightning, which stretches for a distance of 700 kilometers. The bird really broke all existing world records and became a unique scientific discovery.
It made a fantastic non-stop flight. On September 16, the male Limosa lapponica departed from the southwest of Alaska and for 11 days flew directly to New Zealand, covering a distance of about 12.2 thousand kilometers without landing. The previous known record was set by a cructail female, it covered 7145 kilometers without landing in 9 days in 2007. Another discovery in the animal kingdom is related to the discovery of an extraordinary long creature that could become the largest animal ever discovered.
It is a siphonophore, its length is 45 meters. In fact, this organism consists of many small creatures, zooids. Each of them lives its own life, but is always connected with the general group and performs a specific function for the life of the siphonophore.
In the past year, an amazing photograph was taken, which was also called a scientific discovery. It shows 2,953 arcuate trails of the Sun rising and setting over 8 years and 1 month. Strange objects were used to create this picture, a beer can, photographic paper and a low-tech pinhole camera. The author of this work is a former student at the University of Hertfordshire. He was able to create a homemade camera and put it on the telescope at the University of Bayfordbury Observatory.
And then, as it turned out, he forgot about it. The camera has not only been preserved, it has taken incomparable photographs showing unique light arcs. In the same year, the scientists managed to recreate the image of the oldest turtle that lived on the planet 8 million years ago.
The diameter of its shell was almost two and a half meters. The ancient creature belonged to the now extinct species called Stupendemys geographicus. The turtle lived in the north of South America during the Miocene epoch, which lasted from 12 to 5 million years ago. The tortoise weighed about 1145 kg, which is almost 100 times heavier than its closest living relative, the Amazon river turtle.
In 2020, the scientists managed to unravel the mystery of the oldest Austrian burial. It had a strange oval shape, its age is about 31 thousand years, it was discovered during archaeological excavations in Krems. The burial was found in 2005, but only now it was possible to find out that this is the grave of identical twin babies. One died soon after birth, the second lived for about 50 days.