This year, the archaeologists received a unique prize. They managed to discover amazing ancient weapons: swords, daggers and analogues of early artillery. All of these items show a history of past violence. The discoveries span a wide time layer from the Ice Age to the Middle Ages. In northern Germany, a throwing stick was found that dates back to the Ice Age. It was used as an extinct early human species of the species Homo heidelbergensis that needed such a stick for hunting.
Its length is about 65 centimeters. The experts from the University of Tubingen reported that the weapon is at least 300 thousand years old, they killed small victims such as rabbits or ducks. The same kind of man also used long spears made of wood. The German town of Schöningen preserved exceptional examples of this ancient hunting tradition.
Another archaeological discovery is a sword that was mistakenly believed to be medieval. Identification established that he is from Eastern Anatolia and is about 5 thousand years old. It is recognized as one of the oldest swords ever found. The simplest weapon was found in the monastery of San Lazaro degli Armeni. Initially it was assumed that he was several hundred years old, but he looked like a weapon of the Bronze Age, having nothing to do with medieval artifacts.
Careful research determined that the sword is composed of an early Bronze Age copper-arsenic alloy. In the Czech Republic this spring, mushroom pickers found a strange piece of metal. One of the mushroom pickers, Roman Novak, kicked him and discovered that it was a bronze ax. Its handle and pommel were decorated with openwork carvings in the shape of a circle and a crescent.
The ax was delivered to the archaeologists of the Silesian Museum, and they found that the artifact dates back to the Bronze Age, it was made about 3.3 thousand years ago. It is not known how he ended up in the forest, he became visible after heavy rains, and now scientists intend to more closely examine the territory in which he was found.
An equally exciting discovery was the discovery of a unique burial site on the territory of modern Siberia. It was discovered by the scientists from the Siberian Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences; the remains of a man, two women and a baby were found in the grave. The burial was made 2500 years ago, together with the remains in the grave there was a cache of treasures, including bronze axes, daggers and axes.
The scientists established that all items are part of the Tagar culture. Women were often buried with weapons, but usually they were bows and arrows. The age of a man and a woman is from 30 to 40 years, another woman was about 60 years old. The baby's remains were severely damaged, presumably rodents disturbed the burial.