The Astronomers from the University of Kansas believe that the geometric structures of 200 thousand spiral galaxies suggest that the Universe has a certain structure. Exploring outer space, experts discovered a trend of the asymmetry in the directions of rotation of galaxies. Thus, the assumption about the rotation of the early Universe arises. The scientists analyzed data from two hundred thousand spiral galaxies and revealed unexpected connections between the directions of rotation of the galaxies.
The structure that was formed as a result of these connections indicates the rotation of the Universe in the early stages of its evolutionary development. An astronomer Lior Shamir believes that these data are important for modern science. At a minimum, they contradict some previously made assumptions about the large-scale structure of the Universe.
Since the time of Edwin Hubble, the astronomers have believed that the universe has the property of expanding. That expansion occurs without any particular direction and the galaxies are randomly located. However, recent observations by the astronomers prove that that is not like that. A study of the geometric structures of more than 200 thousand spiral galaxies suggests that the Universe can have a certain structure and that the early Universe could rotate.
By studying patterns in the distribution of galaxies, the researchers found that spiral galaxies were located in completely different parts of the universe. All of them were separated by space and time. But they all had the same connection - the direction of rotation.
According to the scientists, such conclusions allow us to say that now the universe can be observed in completely different way. The geometry of the distribution of the galaxies is understandable in the study of most of them. A spiral galaxy is a unique astronomical object. It rotates clockwise, as it’s seen from the Earth. And in the opposite direction, if you watch it from the opposite side.
The astronomers believe that if the Universe is isotropic and does not have a certain structure, as the scientists had thought before, then the number of galaxies that rotate clockwise will be approximately equal to the number of galaxies that rotate counterclockwise. Modern telescopes have been able to refute that scientific assumption.
The Sloan Digital Sky Survey robotic telescope automatically captures images of millions of galaxies, while it is shooting the sky, and then it sorts millions of galaxies in the direction of their rotation. It turned out that the number of galaxies that rotate clockwise is not equal to the number of galaxies that rotate counterclockwise. The difference is a little more than two percent, and in that calculations the probability of such asymmetry occurring accidentally is less than 1-4 billion.