NASA is preparing a new mission called SunRISE. The goal of this mission to study the forces that control the flow of solar particles. Science has proven that giant solar storms or solar winds are created from these particles. But astrophysicists do not yet know how they affect interstellar space. Studying the solar particles and the streams from which they are formed will give scientists new knowledge on how to protect spaceships and astronauts from solar storms.
Six specialized spacecraft will participate in the mission. Each of them has the size of an ordinary household toaster. And each such compact device is equipped with the necessary equipment for studying solar fluxes. Using the results of this mission, scientists hope to obtain data on the state of the space environment and how it will affect the spacecraft.
All six devices operate on the principle of one large radio telescope. NASA has allocated 62.6 million dollars for its creation, assembly and launch. The launch of these six devices is scheduled for July 1, 2023.
For the first time, the idea of creating special devices to study the state of solar particles and their features in solar storms was approved in 2017 as an 11-month study. In 2019, the continuation of the mission for a year was approved.
SunRISE is led by Justin Casper of the University of Michigan at Ann Arbor and is also managed by NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory in Pasadena, California. This is a special mission that will allow a better understanding of the Sun and how the star acts on the space environment between the planets.
Six vehicles will fly at a distance of about 10 kilometers above the Earth’s atmosphere. They will create three-dimensional maps to determine exactly where giant bursts of particles appear on the Sun and how they develop as they expand in space.