Bright anomalies on the planet Ceres turned out to be an underground ocean: a dwarf near the Sun reveals secrets

A dwarf near the Sun reveals secrets

The astronomers made a unique discovery. The abnormal bright spots that have been found on the dwarf planet Ceres may indicate the location of the underground ocean. For many years, the scientists believed that this planet was not of particular interest, since it is a primitive piece of rock. But a few years ago, for the first time, NASA's Dawn space probe managed to approach the Ceres.

It turned out that there is actually something interesting in the asteroid belt. This belt is located between the Mars and the Jupiter, it is also the largest asteroid in the Solar System and the only dwarf planet closer than the Neptune.

A new analysis of the data transmitted by the probe demonstrates that the Ceres is an ocean world. It is possible that the salt water is hidden under the surface of the planet. It can spread throughout the entire dwarf.

This discovery increases the relevance of activities related to a possible mission to study the dwarf planet. Thus, the scientists hope to assess its potential, it is possible that it can be inhabited, although this requires finding many more evidence.

The scientists received the first data on the Cerberus in early 2015. The probe transmitted images that showed strange, abnormally bright spots. They were conventionally named torches. Most of them are located in the Occator Crater.

It could be formed from an asteroid impact about 20 million years ago. The scientists have established that these bright spots were formed by the sodium carbonate, a type of salt.

The scientists compared this phenomenon to sodium carbonate that is found around the hydrothermal vents deep in the Earth's oceans. It provides photosynthesis despite the lack of sunlight and is a platform for life forms.