Astronomers first saw supermassive black hole jets

Astronomers first saw supermassive black hole jets

Jets are very powerful jets of plasma. They propagate from the nuclei of active space galaxies, as well as from quasars, from blazars, from black holes and neutron stars. For the first time such a plasma jet was recorded by astronomer Geber Curtis in 1918. Modern astronomers were able to get the first image. It shows gas clouds in a galaxy called MG J0414 + 0534.

This galaxy is located at a distance of about 11 billion light-years from Earth. Astronomers who observe this galaxy used the Atacama Large Millimeter / submillimeter Array (ALMA) radio observatory.

Scientists have learned that a vivid image of a gas cloud was formed due to jets that are emitted by a supermassive black hole located in the central region of the galaxy. By studying the details of this event, astronomers will be able to better learn the evolution of galaxies in the early Universe.

Research is conducted by astronomers from Kinki University (Japan), led by Professor Kaika Inoue. They use the gravitational lensing method. This method helps to learn more about the periods of the cosmic evolution of black holes and the gas that surrounds them.

Earlier, it was impossible to find out the details of such phenomena. The gravitational lensing method helped to find out that gas clouds move at a speed of 600 kilometers per second. Plasma jets from a black hole increase their speed. The first images obtained open up new details about the evolution of space for science.