Over the past two decades, the astronomers have received evidence of the expansion of the Universe and the acceleration of the process. But the physics of expansion remains a mystery. A group of researchers from the University of Hawaii said they were able to find the impossible, the dark energy that is responsible for that accelerated pace. It comes from a huge number of compact objects that are scattered in the voids between the galaxies.
In the 60s of the last century, the scientists first suggested that the collapse of stars does not form black holes, but should form common dark matter objects, geode. Following the theory, geode does not violate Einstein's equations and the rotating layer can surround the core of dark energy.
Observing outer space with telescopes, it is possible to conclude that black holes and geodes look almost the same. If geodes imitate black holes, then they should move in space as well. But then a problem arises in explaining the acceleration of the expansion of the Universe. A physicist Kevin Crocker notes that last year it was possible to prove that geode is capable of providing the necessary dark energy, but to have a lot of it, a lot of such formations are required.
In addition, if they moved in the same way as black holes, then they would disrupt the galaxies, including the Milky Way. By observing the putative geodes, the astronomers determined their movement relative to each other. It turned out that they merge much faster than black holes do.
It is due to the increase in the mass of the Universe. But if geode has layers that rotate at a speed close to the speed of light, then a completely new class of phenomena is formed. One of the assumptions is based on the oldest stars that formed at a time when the Universe was only about 2% of its current age.
Ancient geodes could feed on other stars and streams of interstellar gas, resulting in high rotational speeds. That speed led them to distance, and then to the formation of voids between the galaxies.
In that way geode will help to solve the problem of the existence of dark energy, while staying in harmony with other observations in space. The researchers believe that now they have a clearer understanding of how Einstein's equations relate big and small, giving a big picture and stronger evidence of dark energy.