One of the tasks that SpaceX specialists set themselves is related to the possibility of clearing the near-earth orbit from space debris. The Starship is a goal set by Elon Musk, who runs the company, and it is directly related to the colonization of the Mars. Musk said that in the duet of the rocket and the spacecraft, the space transport system will take the main load that will have to unload the garbage shell of the planet.
If the planned plan can be implemented, then many of the Starship's tasks will include launching people into distant space regions. In addition, the project does not exclude ultra-fast travel on the Earth, as well as the launch of the satellites into orbit. It is possible that spacecraft for these purposes will be of reusable importance.
The prototype will be a giant construction, Super Heavy. It will return to the Earth and make a vertical landing. Such a ship will carry out many missions, and it can be launched from the Earth orbit to the Mars. The experts believe that space debris poses a serious threat to human use and development of the last frontier in the future.
The experts from the European Space Agency report that at present about 34 thousand objects are rotating in Earth's orbit, the smallest of which is 10 centimeters in diameter. Garbage is dangerous because it can hit our planet as a result of the collision of these objects in orbit, while their speed of movement is extremely high.
For example, the International Space Station is located at an altitude of 400 kilometers, and objects move nearby at a speed of about 28.1 thousand km/h. According to the scientists, one or two collisions can cause a chain reaction and clouds of debris interact, provoking further collisions.
This scenario is called Kessler's syndrome. It can make it difficult to work around the Earth's orbit. Orbital collisions had happened before. For example, 11 years ago, the Russian military satellite Cosmos 2251 collided with the operational communications satellite Iridium 33, forming almost two thousand new fragments.