China could become the new leader in space exploration. It is the only country to have landed more than 40 years ago on the moon since the Soviet lunar exploration program. And quite recent missions demonstrated that China can not only enter orbit a satellite and land on it, but also successfully control rovers to explore distant planets. Just few days ago, the Chinese National Space Agency launched another major mission, Chang'e 5.
Its main goal is to collect and deliver rock samples from other planets. Of course, the first stopover and so far the main one is the Moon. Israel recently sent missions to the satellite, but they were unsuccessful.
The representatives of India did not succeed in getting far ahead, the failures of their lander demonstrated the complexity of such events. The experts have already called China's new experience the very exceptional case when the country's engineers use space exploration to demonstrate the world their new scientific and technical capabilities, competing with the technologies of other states. What are the consequences of such technical manifestations?
The Chang'e 5 mission, named after the moon goddess, will collect archery specimens within a basalt dome 70 kilometers wide and 500 meters high. It is located in the Oceanus Procellarum Mare region, on the near side of the Moon.
Holes will be drilled on the satellite, their depth will be about two kilometers, from which lunar soil will be scooped up, and then it is planned to deliver it to the Earth. With the successful development of all stages of the mission, the planetary scientists will be able to check some data on the origin of the Earth's satellite, and on the basis of this database, some theories about the origin of other rocky planets in the Solar System.
The density of the craters will help to determine the age of the Moon, the older the object, the more debris on the surface of the crater. It is not the most accurate measurement, but the calculations carried out by the scientists show that for impact craters, their age can be 1-3 billion years.
The scientists will be able to determine the exact age using the method of radiometric dating. Thus, the Chinese space industry is showing successful growth. It set a goal to send satellites into space, and astronauts to the Moon-space station in 2022.