The device landed on the Moon as part of a space mission to explore the lunar surface by China. China announced its ambitious satellite development plans, intending to collect soil and rocks from the lunar surface to bring them to the Earth. Half an hour before the landing of the spacecraft, which took place the day before, the National Space Administration of China stopped the live broadcast, announcing that the spacecraft had landed. It is a lander that is one of the four robots in a mission called Chang'e-5.
Its goal is to deliver lunar samples to the Earth by the end of the year. And if the mission is successful, it will be the first time in the history of China to deliver samples from the Moon. The robot is equipped with special equipment that is programmed to drill the surface of the Moon.
It will deepen by about 1.8 meters to collect two kilograms of lunar formations, including rocks and dust from a previously unexplored area, the Mons Rümker Plain. That material will help to obtain new information about past volcanic activity on the planet. The equipment will then transfer the samples to the lift module, which is located above the lander.
When the samples are safe, the module will fly back and return to the Earth in tow. In a favorable scenario, according to the NASA representatives, China's bold mission will end with the landing of the module in Mongolia around mid-December. Previous samples of lunar rocks were obtained by American and Soviet astronauts.
Their analysis showed that about 3 billion years ago, there were active volcanoes on the Moon. But according to the astronomers, areas such as the Mons-Rümker Plain could have been zones of constant volcanic activity that died down only 1.2 billion years ago.
If recently the activity of volcanoes on the satellite was real, then planetary geologists from the China University of Geosciences intend to rewrite the history of the Moon.