Astrophysicists from the University of New South Wales made an amazing discovery that casts doubt on the constant laws of nature. They investigated the radiation emitted by one of the most distant quasars in the Universe and discovered fluctuations in electromagnetic force. This indicates that the universal constant turned out to be unstable at the outer borders of the Universe, and besides, it arises in only one direction.
This is not the first time astrophysicists have been confronted with probable hints of the fact that the cosmological constant is not constant. And four new measurements of the light emitted by a quasar at a distance of 13 billion light-years are confirmed by past studies in which small altered variations of the fine structure constant are found.
University professor John Webb believes that the fine structure constant is a measure of electromagnetism. It represents one of the four fundamental forces in nature, in addition to gravity, a weak nuclear force, and a strong nuclear force. To measure the electromagnetic force, scientists use precisely these data: a fine structure constant.
The immeasurable number includes the speed of light and is called the Planck constant. An electromagnetic force holds the electrons surrounding the core of every atom in the universe. Without this principle, the interaction of the universe would not exist. And until recently, scientists were confident in using a constant to calculate the definition of the electromagnetic force.
However, over the past two years, scientists have paid attention to obvious anomalies in the fine structure constant, as a result of which the electromagnetic force measured in one particular direction of the Universe has other calculated data. This fine structure constant number was different in different areas of the universe.
The study of distant quasars has confirmed the assumption of scientists. Massive celestial bodies emitting extremely high energy are located on the borders of the Universe. The most distant quasars known to astronomers are located at a distance of 12-13 billion light-years from Earth.
Scientists took four measurements of the exact constant along one line of sight to the quasar they observed. Separately, the four measurements did not give any definitive answer as to whether there were significant changes in the electromagnetic force.
However, in combination with many other measurements between us and distant quasars performed by other scientists and not related to this study, differences in the fine structure constant became apparent.