A distant quasar reveals the mystery of black holes: it shows how galaxies were born in the early universe

A distant quasar shows how galaxies were born in the early universe

The scientists discovered one of the most distant quasars in space. It could fully form just 670 million years after the Big Bang. This quasar could feed on the earliest known supermassive black hole. Its radiation provides insight into how massive galaxies formed in the Early Universe. The research is carried out by the specialists from the University of Arizona. They observe a luminous quasar, which is about 13.04 billion light years from the Earth.

It is recognized as the most distant of all discovered. It is at least 670 million years old and emerged after the Big Bang. At that time, the Universe was only 5% of its age. And the quasar contained a supermassive black hole, the mass of which is comparable to the mass of 1.6 billion Suns.

The quasar is considered not only the most distant bright object, but also the earliest known quasar. It is a special object that shows a wind of superheated gas escaping from the environment of a black hole at a speed that is one fifth of the speed of light.

Quasars are thought to arise from supermassive black holes. They absorb the matter, gas, and large stars located around them and as a result form a vortex of superheated matter called an accretion disk orbiting a black hole.

Because of their tremendous energy obtained in this way, quasars are among the brightest sources in space, often dwarfing their galaxies. The quasar that the scientists are observing now is called J0313-1806.

It contains a massive black hole and marks significant progress, providing a strong constraint on the formation of black holes in the Early Universe. The distant quasar and its behavior are considered the earliest evidence of how supermassive black was affecting the galaxy and the space around it.