The resources of the desert can be used in the new ways. They can help to improve the food security of millions of people. For that, it is planned to build efficient greenhouse complexes that will grow agricultural crops. Unique technologies can be used in the hot and humid coastal deserts of the Middle East and North Africa to grow food and other crops.
Today many researchers believe that future generations will be able to provide themselves with sufficient food through greenhouse systems supported by the solar panels and air cooling technologies. It can bring the agro-industrial complex to a completely new level.
The proposed concept will give impetus to the development of new sustainable agriculture not only in drylands, but also in the desert regions. A biologist Kyle Lauersen believes that several technologies can be combined, including energy-efficient transparent solar panels, low-energy adsorbent cooling, salt-tolerant edible plants, and algae biotechnology.
Coastal desert areas have access to seawater and an abundance of intense sunlight. These factors make it possible to grow salt-tolerant crops that have recently been bred, they are tomatoes and greens. To obtain fresh water, technology involves the use of moist air.
For example, the desiccants are capable of absorbing water from the air. Humid air seeps through a special liquid dehumidification system, and a special liquid solution with a high salt content absorbs moisture.
That air that is drier and has lower temperatures, can circulate in greenhouses, providing a certain supply of fresh water. Translucent solar panels are supposed to be used as walls in greenhouses.
They will transmit the light to plants and accumulate the solar energy. A resource use coupled with technology can provide food security, jobs and the economic base for year-round exports.