The bionic eye will be implanted for the first time in a human. The scientists are preparing for a unique operation. A group of scientists from the Australian Monash University in Melbourne, announced the creation of a unique bionic device that will restore vision to blind people by installing an implant in the brain. That event will mark the world's first clinical trial of the bionic eye in humans.
If the experiment becomes successful, then the method will be applied in the world medical practice and beyond. The device will consist of miniature electrodes implanted into the brain. The bionic eye is a project called "Gennaris" that the scientists have been working on for about 10 years.
Its purpose is to bypass the damaged optic nerves to transmit the signals from the retina to the visual center of the human brain. A special device is put on the patient's head, a camera and a wireless transmitter are connected to it. The received data is processed by a special processor, then the implant transmits signals.
In total, they represent about 170 light phosphenes, which transmit information to a person, thanks to it a person can orient in a room or on the street, can recognize the presence of people and objects around.
According to one of the authors of the project, Arthur Lowry, the new bionic vision system can be adapted for the patients suffering from incurable neurological diseases. Among them, paralysis of the limbs, and the use of new opportunities will restore the functions of movement.
If it turns out to be successful, after the operation to install the bionic eye, the developers intend to create a new commercial enterprise, whose activities will be focused on returning people with incurable vision blindness.
In July, the scientists conducted the first tests on three sheep, the device was implanted into their brains. The operation did not cause any adverse health effects. The exact dates of the experiment on humans have not been announced yet.